Apply the results to your patients
A Duke Univ. tutorial explaining how to address the question: how relevant is the research evidence to the needs of my patient?Key Concepts addressed:
- 3-5 How certain is the evidence?
- 3-1 Do the outcomes measured matter to you?
- 3-2 Are you very different from the people studied?
A Web based Duke University tutorial explaining how to address the question: how relevant is the research evidence to the needs of my patient or my community?
Were the study patients similar to my population of interest?
Does your population match the study inclusion criteria?
If not, are there compelling reasons why the results should not apply to your population?
Were all clinically important outcomes considered?
What were the primary and secondary endpoints studied?
Were surrogate endpoints used?
Are the likely treatment benefits worth the potential harm and costs?
What is the number needed to treat (NNT) to prevent one adverse outcome or produce one positive outcome? Is the reduction of clinical endpoints worth the potential harms of the surgery or the cost of surgery?